“The good people of Woodstock have less incentive than others to yearn for heaven,” said a 19th-century resident. It’s a sentiment readily echoed today. Chartered in 1761, Woodstock (pop. 900) remains an exceedingly well-preserved example of small-town New England—tidy Federal-style homes, built by wealthy professionals of the newborn American republic, still ring the classic village green. Now the historic village is home to wealthy retirees and their fortunate sons and daughters. You’ll see the signs of this old money throughout the town: well-stocked wine racks at the general store, shady basketball courts along the river, excellent performing arts at the Town Hall Theater, and, most importantly, the wherewithal to refuse any compromising commercial development. To put it mildly, expansion of the tax base is not a pressing issue for this community.

During summer and fall, walking tours are an excellent way to take stock of the town’s history and architecture. Call or visit the Information Booth (802/457-3555) on the green for a schedule. Hiking trails lead up both the summits overlooking the town. A community blackboard at the corner of Central and Elm, a.k.a. the Town Crier, lists local events and activities all year. Even if you’re racing through Woodstock, bound for the mountains, be sure to stop long enough to enjoy this quick tour: From the oblong green, cross the Middle Covered Bridge and follow the Ottauquechee downstream along River Street. Then work your way back via Elm Street and F. H. Gillingham & Sons, Vermont’s oldest country store, which offers locally made food and crafts.

If you’ve admired the rolling fields and weathered wooden fences, savored the local apples and sharp cheddar, and enjoyed the scent of mown hay or boiling maple sap, you’ll appreciate an even closer look at New England’s farms with a visit to the Billings Farm & Museum (802/457-2355, daily in summer, weekends the rest of the year, $14), just off Route 12 north of the village. Frederick Billings, better known as the builder of the Northern Pacific Railroad (Billings, Montana, is named for him), began this working dairy farm in the late 19th century. Its restored farmhouse and huge barns illustrate the rural life in galleries, demonstrations, and hands-on activities.

Across the road, another historic farm is open to the public as the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park (802/457-3368, tours daily Memorial Day weekend to late Oct., $8 adults), Vermont’s only national park. The property, which includes the former home of Laurance Rockefeller (1910-2004), who married Frederick Billings’s granddaughter, is a study in conservation practice, and its dense woodlands are living proof of the merits of sustainable agriculture. Some 60 miles of trails are open in the winter for cross-country skiing and snowshoeing from the Nordic center at The Woodstock Inn & Resort (802/457-6674, $18).